How woodland trees grow

This post includes information about how site, climate, tree characteristics, and shade tolerance affect the growth and vigor of trees. Effect of site characteristics Site characteristics that affect tree growth include soil depth, texture, moisture, and fertility, along with topography. On the whole, deep soils are better for tree growth than shallow soils because they potentially have a greater nutrient […]

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How forests grow

Forests are dynamic ecosystems—they’re always growing and changing.  Patterns of forest succession are relatively predictable within given site conditions, but highly variable from site to site.  For instance, in the sub-boreal forests of northeastern Minnesota, widespread aspen and birch forests are being invaded by native spruce and fir trees.  Over time as the short-lived aspens and birches die, shade-tolerant conifers […]

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Silvicultural systems

Silviculture is the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values of landowners and society on a sustainable basis. Many people think that clearcutting is the only way to harvest timber.  That’s not the case.  Although clearcutting is an efficient and effective system, it is by no means […]

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Family Forest Certification Models

Three different forest certification models are available to family forest owners. This page offers links and information about them. Certify your land as an individual How it works: You work with a professional forester to plan the future stewardship of your land. The plan is built around your family’s vision and goals. This process helps you identify ways to improve […]

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